Pre-conceptional advice to all couple
Take folic acid each day to reduce the chance of a spinal cord problem in a baby.
Have a blood test to check that you are immune to rubella (german measles). You will be offered immunization to rubella if you are not immune.
Eat a healthy diet.
Smoking can affect fertility in men and women. It is a good time for both partners to stop if you are smokers.
Alcohol in excess may affect male fertility.
Weight control. You have a reduced chance of conceiving if you are very overweight or underweight. For the best chance of conceiving you should aim to have your body mass index (BMI) between 20 and 30.
Heat and sperm production. It is often advised for men who have a low sperm count to wear loose fitting underpants and
trousers and to avoid very hot baths, saunas, etc. This allows your testes to be slightly cooler than the rest of your
body, which is thought to be good for sperm production.
Sex and fertility
Sperm survive up to five days after having sex. Therefore, even though an ovum (egg) only survives 12-24 hours,
having sex two or three times a week is sufficient if you are trying to conceive. In fact, studies have shown that
having sex every two to three days is likely to maximise your chance of getting pregnant. You may want to have sex
more often, which is fine, but it probably will not increase your chance of conceiving. It is thought that the more
relaxed and spontaneous your sex life is, the more likely you will conceive.